Diabetes is a health condition where a person suffers from high sugar levels for a long period of time. The symptoms of high sugar levels are:
• Frequent urination
• Increased thirst
• Increased hunger
• Weight loss
• Blurred vision
• Skin infections
If these symptoms are left untreated, diabetes can cause the following complications:
• Cardiovascular disease – Diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases like coronary artery disease, heart attack, stroke and narrowing of arteries.
• Eye damage – Diabetic eye damage is a condition where the damage occurs to the retina leading to the cause of blindness.
• Nerve damage – Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish your nerves, especially in your legs. This leads to itching, burning sensation, numbness that begins from the tips to the toes gradually spreading upwards.
• Kidney damage – Over a period of time, the kidney functions start degrading. Later there are problems like leg swelling, tiredness, vomiting. Diabetes may also lead to end stage kidney disease which may require dialysis or kidney transplant.
• Foot ulcers – Diabetes causes foot ulcers also known as diabetic foot.
• Skin problems – Diabetes leads to skin problems like fungal and bacterial infections.
• Hearing disability – People suffering from diabetes also suffer from hearing problems.
• Depression – Depression is a symptom of diabetes and affects the treatment of diabetes.